Barley Flour is quite an unusual ingredient these days, and you usually see it mixed in with proprietary bread mixes, but if you do happen to find some (I bought mine online), do try this delicious white loaf recipe, full of flavour and delicious texture.
Elizabeth David introduced me to this delicious recipe via her scholarly work on bread, English Bread and Yeast Cookery. I was prompted to order some barley flour online and give it a try, so great was her recommendation:
"Although, owing to its greyish crumb, barley bread may not look immediately appetising, those who acquire a taste for it are likely to become addicts. I am one."
The process of making the loaf is exactly the same as my simple white loaf with the exception that it uses a couple of tablespoons of vegan cream or yogurt (I used natural vegan yogurt, plain), this helps enrich the dough and give a finer crumb. It also has a deliciously crisp crust.
If you don't have barley flour, then I suggest you make my simple loaf instead or try experimenting using other types of flour. You can pick it up in selected stores or online from Waitrose or buy directly (in bulk) from Matthews Cotswold Flour or Shipton Mill. I bought a small bag from Amazon.
What is Barley Flour?
Barley flour is made from dried or "pearled" barley that has been milled very finely. Although nowadays barley is used for brewing beer, or as pearl barley, the flour has a unique, somewhat subtle nutty flavour. It contains less gluten than plain flour, so if you are trying to cut down on your gluten intake, it is worth swapping out some of your plain flour for barley flour in recipes (up to 50%, in fact).
Alone, barley flour won't give much rise, despite containing gluten like wheat flour, so it needs to be combined with a normal flour to make a decent loaf of bread. However, it is used in flatbreads and other quick breads that don't require much of a rise. It can also be used as a thickener in stew.
Barley flour also serves another purpose in breadmaking. Because it is lower in gluten, it will give you a lighter, tender crumb that 100% plain flour loaves can't always achieve at home. It is also lower in calories and slightly higher in fibre than plain flour.
- plain white bread flour
- barley flour
- salt and sugar
- vegan yogurt or cream
See recipe card for quantities.
Mix the activated yeast into the flours
Mix into a raggy dough
Knead the dough until it is smooth and you can feel it yielding under your hands
After a couple of hours, the dough should have doubled. Knock it back and knead for a couple more minutes more.
Shape the dough by tucking the edges under and place in your lightly oiled 2lb loaf tin and leave to rise for another 45 mins
Once the dough has risen and started to fill out the loaf tin, bake in a preheated oven as per directions in the recipe card.
Hint: if you leave the dough for 10-15 minutes before the first knead, this gives the flour time to relax and will be easier to start kneading.
A 2lb loaf tin is the only specialist equipment you need.
This bread lasts quite a while in the bread bin or wrapped up in tinfoil, up to a week. If it seems a bit dry, it might be time to start toasting it!
Once the loaf has cooled completely, double wrap tightly in clingfilm and freeze for up to 3 months. To thaw, unwrap loaf and place in a low oven until completely thawed.
Easy Barley Bread
- 1 2 litre loaf tin lightly oiled
- 450 g Plain Flour strong, white
- 120 g Barley Flour
- 1 teaspoon Instant Yeast
- 1 teaspoon Sugar
- 10 g Salt
- 340 ml Water warm
- 2 tablespoon Yogurt plain, vegan
- Sift the flours and salt together in a large mixing bowl.
- Add the yeast and sugar to the warm water and leave the yeast to activate for 10 minutes or so.
- Once the yeast is frothy, add it to the flour and mix with a wooden spoon until you have a very raggy dough.
- Then mix in the yogurt.
- Lightly flouring your hands, bring the dough into a cohesive ball in the bowl, by gently kneading. This should take a couple of minutes.
- Now turn the dough out onto a floured surface and knead for 3-4 minutes or until the dough feels springy and starts to yield against you kneading it.
- Place the dough into a lightly oiled bowl, cover and leave to rise for a couple of hours.
- The dough should almost double in size. Once it has, knock it back and knead it for a couple of minutes.
- Tucking the edges of the dough under, place in a lightly oiled 2lb loaf tin and leave to rise for another 45 minutes or so.
- Preheat oven to 220c and bake the loaf for 15 minutes.
- Now turn the oven down to 200c and bake for another 15 minutes.
- Finally, remove the loaf from the tin, turn the oven down to 180c and bake for a final 15 minutes to get a lovely crust on your loaf.
- Tap the bottom of the loaf to ensure it is baked, it should sound hollow. Then leave to cool completely on a cooling rack until you slice it.
No, it isn't. Like wheat, they are both graining grasses that contain gluten.